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HF COPPER PIPE VERTICAL ANTENNA PROJECT - 5 BANDS!

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A Home Brew HF Vertical From Copper Pipe
by John Reisenauer Jr., KL7JR/KL7USI
Use it portable or for fixed station operation!
Interchange lengths for 5 band HF fun in the Wild!

In my younger days on portable island activating adventures, I used a homebrew multi-banded quarter-wave vertical antenna that was easy to assemble and disassemble and didn't take up a lot of space in my canoe.
The antenna was not only lightweight, but cheap and easy to construct, (I didn't want to lose any more expensive ham gear the next time I'd tip my canoe over!).

I'm still using this antenna over a decade later, and I sure have logged a lot of DX from all over the lower 48, Alaska and Canada with it! It's great for portable use or set it up for permanent station operation. 

BILL OF MATERIALS 1- 10' length 1/2" copper pipe (top section)

1- 10' length 3/4 inch copper pipe (base)

1- 3/4" male sweat fitting threaded

1- 3/4" female sweat fitting threaded

1- 3/4" by 1/2" reducing coupling threaded

1- 1/2" male sweat fitting threaded

1- 1/2" female sweat fitting threaded

70' #14 or #16 wire (ground radials) and various nuts, bolts and clamps from the junk box

Below is a simple drawing of the 20 meter version:

kl7jr copper HF vertical drawing

CONSTRUCTION:

Now cut both pipe sections in half and solder the appropriate fittings on. (5 foot sections makes for easy portability)

Total cost around $25.00 and two hours to build.

If you've never soldered copper tubing before, perhaps a little help from someone who has; would be nice.

Pipe lengths plus appropriate tip = band of your choice:

PIPE LENGTHS         TIP LENGTH      BAND

3 @ 5 feet*                  18 inches             14 MHz
See note

2 @ 5 feet                    36 inches             18 MHz

2 @ 5 feet                    12 inches             21 MHz

2 @ 5 feet                    none                     24 MHz

2 @ 5 feet                    none                     28 MHz

NOTE: * 2 @ 3/4" and 1 @ 1/2". Use the two 3/4" sections of pipe for the other bands. )

The same ground radials were used on all bands.
I used 5 foot lengths only because it packed well in my truck and canoe. You may want to use shorter or longer lengths depending on your situation (ie- instead of one 5 foot length, perhaps you want to go to a more transportable length of 2 at 30 inches long).


To secure the antenna I built an "H frame" structure from 2" PVC pipe and used 1" PVC for the riser. The H frame breaks down to two pieces for transporting.
 
You'll need to isolate the antenna from ground. A piece of PVC pipe stuck in the ground would work too but many islands that I want to activate back home are mostly giant rocks.
I used a 3" long piece of scrap 1/2" PVC glued inside the T fitting of the riser.
The antenna sits on this piece to maintain the 3" distance from ground.

Cut a 1 inch square hole in the riser and on the bottom section of the copper pipe (the one without a fitting on one end) to accept the coax connection.

For a great photo of the H frame base, see the most interesting ham website of N0LX www.n0lx.com- click in "antennas" category for "Mini Antenna Mast and PVC base" and in "Portable" category "Islands of Colorado" for a heavier duty version photo).

I used heavy duty alligator clamps for both the center coax and braid connection. Since I operate mainly on 20meters, I cut four lengths of wire at 16.5 feet long (1/4 wavelength formula 234 divided by Freq. in MHz) out of #14 insulated wire.
Then bare one end and tie all four together. I used a 1/4" bolt with a couple nuts and washers as the connector.
The alligator clamp on the coax braid clips easily on the 1/4" nut as does the clamp on the center conductor of the coax to the pipe.

I keep the ground radials permanently attached to the PVC H frame with ty-raps and when transporting, I simply coil the wires and stuff in each PVC leg.
When I'm set up, I simply throw out the radials in each direction. I put as many in the water as I can. I'm sure it helps cut down on the "noise" verticals are known for.

Additional tips and notes:
I highly recommend using a tuner with this antenna since background and ground conditions affect SWR and will differ from set up locations and the 24 and 28 MHz lengths are a bit long "electrically speaking".
You may want to cut tips of the correct lengths for 10 and 12 meters.
Also, very important, do not use a wrench to tighten the pipe sections as it's easy to strip the pipe threads! (I only had to do that once!). Hand tighten the copper pipe sections only.

I can honestly admit this antenna is easy to tune on many bands, is not noisy and works DX! 73 and happy hunting! John Reisenauer Jr., KL7JR/KL7USI

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