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The KJ4IIF Multiband "FAN" Dipole for 160, 80 and 40 Meters
(Optional 20 Meter band addition also)
(Using Techniques and modified formulas from SRI research with Fan Dipoles)

 

I did not model this with any antenna modeling software. I did it the old fashioned way. With formula's, cut and prune, a cooler full of cold drinks and some friends to help pull that heavy antenna up in the air. 
Included at the bottom of this article is a frequency vs, "X" and "R" plus swr results chart for all amateur bands, 2 meters through 160 meters. There is also a link to a harmonic relationship for all bands courtesy of and compilied by N5JNX.
All measurements are taken with an MFJ 259B analyzer.  
Apex of the multi band dipole is at 58 feet, Ends of the 160 leg are at 20 feet above ground. 
The multi dipole has a 1:1 current Balun at the feed point. 

160-80-40 meter fan dipole
The 160/80/40 meter multiband fan dipole (lower right) mounted on the tower!

CONSTRUCTION DETAILS:

Fan Dipole center insulator
In the photo above, the 160 meter section is on top, 80 meters in middle and 40 on bottom.
On each half of the antenna, all dipoles halfs are connected together at a common point on each side of the center insulator. Then each half is connected to the 1:1 balun at bottom.

In the photo above, the legs of the multi band dipole are spaced 6 inches apart vertically, four inches apart horizontally at the feed point. I used 14 inches of non conductive Lucite six inches wide as shown.
I spaced the dipole legs with 1/2 inch PVC,  Six inches from the fed point where the legs come off the Lucite. I drilled 1/4 inch holes through the pvc and threaded the wire through the holes. This keeps the wires separated at the feed point.
See photo above.

The top dipole is cut for 160 with a center frequency of 1.9 mhz
formula is 468/1.9 X .96 works out to roughly 118 feet per leg.

The center dipole is cut for 80 meters with a center frequency of 3.85 mhz.
The formula is 468/7.18 X 1.04 works out to roughly 63 feet per leg.
The bottom dipole of the multi band dipole is cut for 40 meters with a center frequency of 7.18 mhz.The formula is 468/7.18 X 1.04  works out to roughly 33' 10" per leg. 

Note: Always arrange the dipoles with the lowest frequency band first, (on top), then the next higher frequency band under it and so on. You should end up with them in this order from the top:

160  on top
80    middle
40    bottom

 

The interesting thing here is if you look at the swr readings for each design frequency in the chart below this article, you will see that each band has a very low swr!

 

40 meter spreader
At the end of the 40 meter leg I used 78 inch length of 1/2 pvc for a spreader. I drilled holes and threaded the wire through for all three legs. I wrapped the 40 meter leg around the pvc and secured it with a small cable clamp. See photo above.

80 meter end spreader
See photo above. At the end of the 80 meter leg I used a 40 inch piece of 1/2 inch pvc for a spreader, drilled holes through it and threaded the wire through for the remaining two legs.
I wrapped the 80 meter leg through the pvc and secured it with a small cable clamp.

 

At the end of the 160 meter leg a piece of 1 inch pvc was used to secure the leg and dacron rope was used to a tie point, any available tree or post will do. I sealed all of the connections with electricians liquid tape.

As you can see by the chart below, the harmonics work on 15 meters as well.

Although the analyzer shows a good VSWR on two meters I doubt if it can access any repeaters. I never tried.

Same goes for six meters although with that huge a capture area it may be a good receive antenna for that band.

On the air reports have been good.

I hope this will help anyone trying to experiment with this antenna for the low bands.

So there you have it....Four bands, one feed line, no antenna coupler required, and 15 meters as a bonus on the harmonics. And with the optional 20 meter band addition, you can have 5 bands all working well...see 20 meter additiion information below.

Remember that this fan dipole was designed for the 160, 80 and 40 meter bands.
In the chart below you will notice a very low swr on each of these bands with red numbers! It also appears that many other bands may be used with a tuner.


Frequency vs R, X and VSWR Chart 
(Notice the swr readings for the design frequencies of 1.91 - 3.86 - 7.18mhz!)

freq mhz             R             X

VSWR

148 41 14

1.4:1

144 46 17

1.4:1





54 58 27

1.6:1

53.5 76 38

2.1:1

50.38 45 31

2.0:1





29.7 16 6

3.1:1

29.37 39 29

1.9:1

28.86 66 36

1.9:1

28 20 8

2.7:1





24.99 16 12

3.3:1

24.89 16 17

3.2:1





21.45 59 25

1.6:1

21.03 69 25

1.7:1





18.17 120 77

3.3:1

18.11 77 78

3.2:1





14.35 14 9

3.6:1

14 71 46

2.2:1





10.15 10 13

5.0:1

10.1 10 9

4.9:1





7.3 25 1

1.9:1

7.18 58 5

1.2:1

7.12 52 35

1.9:1





4 13 6

3.5:1

3.91 31 22

1.9:1

3.86 56 53

1.1:1

3.82 34 24

1.9:1





1.96   67
36

2.0:1

1.91 50
24

1.3:1

1.86 36
28

2.0:1



Click here for the Harmonic relationship chart  for this antenna for all bands by N5JNX.
 Adding the 20 Meter addition as an option!

Just as an experiment, I added a separate 20 meter addition to the fan dipole.
I now have, 15/20/40/80/160 meters on one antenna
 
20 meters worked exactly as the others.
Formula used : 468/freq X 1.04

End Result Band Width for the 20 meter addition

Freq

R

X

VSWR

14.502        

    25      

 3   

 2.0:1

14.177        

    61      

 0   

 1.1:1

14.000         

    45      

14  

 1.3:1

Spacing at feed point was identical to the 3 band version, six inches apart.
Further experimentation.
Maybe later, I will try to add 10 meters but the FAN configuration is starting to get out of whack with that many wire elements on one antenna. I may have to space the 10 meter feed point 12 inches from the 20 meter feed point to try and make it at least a 45 degree dipole.
 
Side by side comparisions on recieve show a 10 to 12 db less than the Mosley TA33 at 75 feet, about two S units less than the beam, so it is as it should be.

So there you have it....Four bands, (5 if you add 20), one feed line, no antenna coupler required, and 15 meters as a bonus on the harmonics with the designed bands having very low swr!

Try it! 73 - KJ4IIF

 



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